Type: Membranophones > Drums > Barrel > Double Headed >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 211.222.1
Diameter: Left Side cm ; Right Side cm.
Length: 60 cm.
Area: Gujarat and Maharashtra.
Region: South Asia.
Description: The naal or dholki [in Gujarati: ઢોલકી Dholaki] is a Double-headed drum of the ḍholak type used in Gujarat and Maharashtra, west India. The alternative term dholki is also applied to other types of drums. The naal is played throughout North India. Modern instruments have metal screw turning rods affixed to brackets instead of rope lacing.
Construction: The body of the naal is lathed from sheesham wood [Dalbergia sissoo] bout 60 cm in length. The mardal tapers towards the right-hand head. The two goatskin heads being held by iron hoops linked by tensioning ropes. The tension is applied by turning sticks inserted in the W-form lacing.
Modern instruments have metal screw turning rods affixed to brackets instead of rope lacing. The slightly smaller, and the higher-pitched, right head is voiced with a paste [syahi] containing iron filings for added resonance.
The left head bears an oil-based naal masala paste on its inner surface. The instrument, held horizontally, is used for accompanying many kinds of dance and song. In street performances and film scores, and is played sitting or standing.
Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Youtube / Adivasi Deshi Dholki Performance ;