Name: Dhol.
Type: Membranophones > Drum > Barrel > Double >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 211.222.1
Diameter: Left Side cm ; Right Side cm.
Length: cm.
Country: India & Pakistan.
Region: South Asia.

A musician who is a member of the “kavval” a sub-caste of the large Muslim caste of ‘Mirasis’ or singer/genealogists
his file has been provided by the British Library from its digital collections. Catalogue entry: IOSM Add.27255 ;

Description: The name “dhol” is a term that may refer to number of related drums played from region to region throughout the Indian sub continent. Its distribution ranges throughout India, Bangladesh Pakistan and further westward to Eastern Afghanistan.

Primarily includes northern areas such as the Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Kashmir, Sindh, Assam Valley, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Odisha, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Konkan, Goa, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh. A related instrument is the dholak or dholki.

History: Several percussion instruments such as the dhol used to exist during the Indus Valley Civilisation. The author Ain-i-Akbari, describes the use of Dhol in the orchestra of the Mughal emperor Akbar the Great. The Indo-Aryan word “dhol” appears in print around 1800 in the treatise Sangitasara.

Citations: Bibliography: Websites:


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