Type: Membranophones > Drums > Frame.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 112.122 or 211.311 with drumhead
Country: Russian Federation, Moldavia, Romania, Ukraine.
Region: East Europe.
Description: The Buben is a frame drum that is analogous to the tambourine. It is found in the Russian Federation, Romania, Moldavia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Czechia & Poland. [in Russian: Бубен; Buben; in Ukraine: Бубон; Bubon ; in Romanian [Moldavia / Romania], In Slovenian: Boben and Buben in Czech, bęben in Polish]. It is a musical instrument of the percussion family similar to a tambourine. A buben consists of a wooden or metal hoop with a tight membrane stretched over one of its sides [some buben have no membrane at all].
Etymology: The name is related to Greek language βόμβος [low and hollow sound] and βομβύλη [a breed of bees] and related to Indo-Aryan bambharas [bee] and English bee. Buben is known to have existed in many countries since time immemorial, especially in the East.
Construction: Certain kinds of buben are equipped with clanking metal rings, plates, cymbals, or little bells. It is held in the hand and can be played in numerous ways, from stroking or shaking the jingles to striking it sharply with hand. It is used for rhythmical accompaniment during dances, soloist or choral singing. Buben is often used by some folk and professional bands, as well as orchestras.
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