Type: Membranophones > Drums > Barrel > Double Headed >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 211.222.1
Diameter: 32.5 cm
Area: Midnapore, West Bengal.
Region: South Asia.
Description: The cadcadi [in Santal “Ol Chiki Script”: ᱪᱚᱫᱪᱚᱫᱤ Caḍcaḍi] is a shallow barrel drum played by the Santal people of India.
Construction: The cadcadi is 25 cm to 30 cm deep, 32.5 cm in diameter at the right-hand head, and 35 cm at the left. The shell is carved of gambhari wood [Gmelina arborea], and the heads are of goatskin stretched on creeper hoops and laced with leather thongs and metal tuning loops.
The right head has a hardened tuning paste of earth, oil, gum, and vermilion. The drum is hung either vertically and played with sticks on the upper [right] head. Or horizontally and beaten with the hands on both heads.
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