Type: Membranophones > Drums > Frame.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 211.311
Diameter: 30 cm to 60 cm.
Region: South Asia.
Description: The ‘daph’ is a South Asian name for the frame drum. It derives from the Arabic name “daff”. Several varieties of localized forms of daph are found throughout India. They include daphri, daphla, damphu, and dampha.
The Middle Eastern pattern linking this instrument either with women or with Muslim dervishes and mendicants [faqir] can also be seen in this area. In court musical scenes in Mughal miniatures the tambourine is usually played by women.
While in South Asia both Muslim and, especially in the north-west, Hindu mendicants play it. In Indian folk music generally, however, it is not specially linked with women players.
Etymology: The name of this frame drum is directly borrowed from the Arabic type of daff. This daph is said to have entered India during the Delhi Sultanate [1206-1526] centuries originally from what is today Uzbekistan in Central Asia. The daph is mentioned in the works of the 13th-century court poet Amir Khusrow.
Construction: This type, a medium-size shallow frame drum about 30 cm to 60 cm in diameter, can be found with or without jingles interior metal rings or bronze discs set into the frame. With the skin pasted or tacked to the frame [without lacings], and played by hands or sticks. It is common in many parts of the subcontinent.
Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Oxfordmusiconline.com / Daph Article By Alastair Dick ;