Type: Chordophones > Lutes > Spiked > Bowed.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.221.7
Tuning: C F G
Area: Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.
Region: South Asia.
Description: The chikara is a bowed stringed musical instrument from India, used to play the musical repertoires of the Indigenous peoples of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. The chikara is a simple spike fiddle played. Similarly to the sarangi or sarinda, by sliding fingernails on the strings rather than pressing them to touch the fingerboard. It has 3 strings, two horse hair and one steel.
Etymology: The term “chikara” is ambiguous as it does also denote numerous unrelated bowed fiddles or lutes played in Northern India.
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