Type: Membranophones > Drums > Frame.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 221.311
Diameter: 25 cm.
Depth: 5.5 cm.
Region: South Asia.
Description: The Arbana is a frame drum of the Māppila [Muslims] of Kerala, south India. The arbana is used in religious meetings, where it is played by a group of men who sing and perform.
Construction: The jackwood frame, in which are affixed five sets of little cymbals, each consisting of two to four iron or brass discs. Measures 25 cm in diameter and 5.5 cm deep and is reinforced by iron flanges. A membrane of goat skin is glued to the frame without being tightened. Before the drum is played. The head is stretched by inserting a piece of vine in the space between the skin and the frame.
Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Oxfordmuseumonline.com / Arbana article by Pribislav Pitoëff ;