Dombor

Name: Dombor.
Type: Chordophones > Lutes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.321.5
Area: Kalmykia.
Country: Russian Federation.
Region: Eurasia.

Description: A plucked lute that is played among the Mongolian Torguts and Kalmyks. The name is found the Mongolian epic poem Jangar, playing to accompany bielgee. The dombor played by the Kalmyks and Torguts in the past had gut frets [berne]. Nowadays nylon is both used to tie on adjustable frets and also the strings.

The description of the name “dommer” is given by P. S. Pallas in Sammlungen historischer Nachrichten über die mongolischen Völkerschaften, Vol. 1 Frankfurt and Leipzig, 1776. It was strung with either metal wire or with tendon strings, played by girls.

An engraving in the text shows a two-stringed fretted lute with a triangular body. Two stringed lutes have been associated with Mongols since Marco Polo’s description of instruments played before battle in the 13th century.

Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Oxford Music Online / Grove Music / Dombor Article ;

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