Name: Kanjira.
Type: Membranophones > Drums > Frame.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 211.311
Diameter: 20 cm > 25 cm.
Depth: 7 cm to 10 cm.
Area: Kerala.
Country: India.
Region: South Asia.

Description: The name kanjira is likely related to the khanjani of North and East India. The kanjira is tuned to various pitches simply wetting the skin. It is held at the bottom of the frame by the left hand, which also varies the tension of the skin, and is beaten with the fingers of the right hand.

Construction: The kanjira is a frame drum of South India. It consists of a skin stretched and pasted on a circular wooden frame. There are three or four slots in the side of the frame, in which bell-metal jingle-discs are suspended from metal cross-bars. The width of the drum is from 21 cm to 25 cm and the depth from 7 cm to 10 cm.

Citations: Bibliography: P. Sambamoorthy: Catalogue of Musical Instruments Exhibited in the Government Museum, Madras [Madras, 3/1962] B.C. Wade: Music in India: the Classical Traditions [Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1979/R] For further bibliography see India, subcontinent of §III ; Websites:

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