Name: Khol.
Type: Membranophones > Drums > Barrel > Double Headed >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 211.222.1
Diameter: Right Side cm ; Left Side cm.
Length: 54 cm.
Area: Bengal, Orissa, Assam and Bangladesh.
Country: India.
Region: South Asia.

Description: The khol [in Bengali: খোল khola] is a terracotta double sided barrel drum that is played in the regions of Northern and Eastern India; for accompaniment with devotional music [bhakti]. The khol has its origins from the states West Bengal, Assam and Manipur. The drum is played with palms and fingers of both hands.

Construction: The khol [in Bengali; খোল Khola is a double sided drum having an asymmetric body clay body, about 54 cm in length is turned into two parts on a potters wheel. The nearly identical pung is carved of wood]. After the parts are joined, the body is fired in a kiln.

After the body of the drum cools, the maker winds cotton string around the body before covering it in a mixture of paint and rice paste. Unlike the related Indian drums pakhāvaj and mṛdaṅgam , the khol has a treble head [dahine] one-half the diameter of the bass head.

Citations: Bibliography: Websites: ~ Khol article by Alastair Dick revised by Eben Graves

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