Type: Membranophones > Drums > Frames.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 211.311
Country: Many, Morocco, Turkey.
Region: North Africa & South West Asia.
Description: The bendir [in Arabic: بندير, plural banadir, بنادير] is a circular round frame drum that is found in Morocco and throughout North Africa and in Turkey, South-West Asia. The bendir is also played in Sufi ceremonies. It was also played in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia.
Playing Techniques: The drum is played in a vertical position. One holds the drum by looping the thumb of the non-dominant hand through a hole on the frame.
Construction: The bendir is often constructed with a snare usually made of gut. The snare is stretched and attached to the frame. This is prior to the membrane, so a snare giving a buzzing quality is heard when playing the instrument as the musician strikes it with their hands, fingers or palm.
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