Hamburger Cithrinchen

Name: Hamburger Cithrinchen.
Type: Chordophones > Composites > Lutes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Luthier: Joachim Theilke.
Era: 1650-1750.
Country: Germany.
Region: Continental Europe.

Bell Shaped Cittern by Joachim Tielke, 1685 @ Photographed by Graeme Gibson Royal Albert Hall, Kengsinton London UK 2019

Description: The bell-shaped cittern was a specialty of the city of Hamburg and it is properly revered to as the “Hamburger Cithrinchen”. This type of cittern was popular around 1650 to 1750 from which several examples survive [see below in photo]. Examples are held at the Royal Albert Hall in London UK and the Met Museum.

Construction: The bell-shaped cittern was a specialty of the city of Hamburg and is properly referred to as the Hamburger Cithrinchen. It was a fashionable instrument from about 1650 to 1750 from middle to late 17th century, from which time several examples survive. The cypress body has three rosettes made of parchment. The necks and their finger boards have a total of 18 frets. Five courses [or doubled] strings, in total 10 strings. The pegbox has the head of a Moorish king.

Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Grove Music Online / Cithrinchen Article By James Tylor The MET / Cittern By Joachim Tielke ca. 1685 ;


Name: Cittern.
Type: Chordophones > Composites > Lutes > Citole.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Country: Many.
Region: North America.

Description: The cittern or cithren [Fr. cistre, It. cetra, Ger. Cister, Sp. cistro, cedra, cítola] is a stringed instrument dating from the Renaissance. Modern scholars debate its exact history, but it is generally accepted that it is descended from the Medieval citole [or cytole].

The cittern almost resembles a flat back mandolin and the modern day Irish Bouzouki. It is descended from the English guitar. Played by all classes, the cittern was a premier instrument of casual music-making much as is the guitar today.

Citations: Bibliography: Websites:

Cocuk Baǧlamasi

Name: Cocuk Baǧlamasi.
Type: Chordophones > Composites > Lutes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.321.6
Area: Anatolia.
Country: Turkey.
Region: Middle East.

Cocuk Bağlaması
Cocuk Bağlaması 1867 @ Horniman Museum, London UK

Description: The Cocuk Baǧlamasi is a smaller sized lute having double courses of six-strings, it is a relative of the Baglama saz.

Construction: It has a small sized body, having 22 tied frets of traditionally of animal gut tied onto the neck. A nut is carved from bone and then it is inserted into a groove located at the end point where the head and tuning pegs are located extends from the neck of the instrument. Consistent with Anatolian lutes like the baglama saz a moveable bridge sits in between the strings and sound-board. Bone  inlay is a widely incorporated feature in the making of these instruments usually as as ornamentation and aesthetic detail.

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