Name: Saronen.
Type: Aerophones > Reeds > Heteroglot > Shawms >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#:
Area: Pamekasan and Sampang, Madura Island.
Country: Indonesia.
Region: South East Asia.

Description: The saronen is a heteroglot shawm that is played by the Madurese in Pamekasan and Sampang of Madura Island, Indonesia. n the centre of the island, are longer and louder, while the Sumenep style has a higher pitch and more delicate tone. Uniquely, sumenep saronen bands often play with two saronen [a practice called rampet], with the instruments playing roughly in unison with some variations between the two.

Construction: The Madurese saronen takes the piercing buzz of two lontar reeds [pepet] and shoots it through a teakwood pipe and out through a bell. The mouth piece of the saronen is secure by an assembly of a bronze fixture [lale]. the assembly is affixed by by a coconut shell mouthpiece [sangot] meant to mimic an aristocratic moustache. The instrument has seven finger-holes, six in the front and one in the back. The Madurese, though, count nine holes [including the top and bottom openings].

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