Type: Aerophones > Flute > Transverse >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.121.12
Region: Far East Asia.
Playing Techniques: Articulation, for the most part, is accomplished by a variety of special fingering techniques. A smooth legato style with out tonguing is idiomatic for Chinese traditional music. Tonguing is reserved for special effects only. Vibrato is commonly employed on notes of longer duration.
That is, a slow, pulsing diaphragm vibrato rather than the continuous fast style usually heard in western flute performance. These elements of performance are standard and rarely notated” [Yueqi, Thrasher & Wong 2011]. Although the following techniques are introduced individually. In practice various techniques may be combined to produce a single note / phrase.
The earlier versions of transverse flutes in China had no membrane. The presence of the membrane was first mentioned in the early 12th century treatise, entitled Yueshu [Yueqi, Thrasher & Wong 2011]. By the Ming Dynasty [1368-1644], the bangdi and qudi have become the lead instruments in regional operas and instrumental ensembles.
Construction: The dizi is made of one piece of bamboo tube. Today, many dizi are made of two pieces of bamboo tubes that are fitted together by a joint. Some of the two piece designs may come apart for ease of transport. Adjusting the tightness of how the two pieces connect together allows the player to fine tune the instrument. The membrane hole is covered by a fine piece of bamboo skin from the inner surface of the tube, which produces the unique buzzing tone.
Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Soundsofdragon.com / Dizi Article ;