Shakuhachi

Name: Shakuhachi.
Type: Aerophones > Flutes > Notched >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.111.12
Era: 7th Century to Edo Period 17th-18th Century.
Country: Japan.
Region: Far East Asia.

Description: The shakuhachi [in Japanese: 尺八、しゃくはち The shakuhachi [in Japanese: 尺八、しゃくはち, pronounced [ˌʃakʊˈhatʃi] Chinese: 尺八; pinyin: chǐbā] is a Japanese and ancient Chinese longitudinal, end-blown flute that is made of bamboo. The shakuhachi was originally introduced from China into Japan during the 7th century and reached its peak in development, during the Edo Period [17th–18th century]. The oldest shakuhachi is currently stored in 正倉院 Shōsō-in Museum, Nara Prefecture Japan.

Upon introduction of the shakuhachi to Japan. The shakuhachi has evolved over time, changing its form, tuning and scale and the present shakuhachi was completed in the Edo period in the 17th century. The shakuhachi is traditionally made of bamboo, but versions now exist in ABS and hardwoods. It was used by the monks of the Fuke Zen of Zen Buddhism in the practice of suizen [吹禅, blowing meditation].

Citations: Bibliography: Mayers [editor], Dan E. The Annals of The International Shakuhachi Society, Volume I ; Mayers [editor], Dan E. [2005]. The Annals of The International Shakuhachi Society, Volume II. ISBN 0-9711625-1-4 ; Koga, Masayuki [July 24, 2016] Shakuhachi: Fundamental Technique Guidance. USA: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform; 1 edition. pp. 101, 28. ISBN 978-153546070 ; Websites:

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