Type: Chordophones > Lutes > Spiked > Double Chested >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.312.7
Country: Afghanistan, Sindh Pakistan, North India, Nepal and Sikkim.
Region: South Asia.
Description: The Sarinda [in Hindi: in Nepalese: सरिंडा Sarinda; soruz in Baluchi ; Surando in Sindhi] it is played in a wide area throughout South Asia Afghanistan, Sindh Pakistan, Bengal, Punjab [in Punjabi ; Gurmukhi saranda], Rajasthan, Nepal and Sikkim.
The Nepalese Sarinda is played among the Gandarbha or Gaine caste [both contested and interchangeable terms]. The Gaine caste are bards and storytellers who sing narrative tales and folk gongs. In present times, the popularity of the Sarinda extends beyond the Gandharba community and it is widely played by other caste members as well.
The sarinda has also garnered much interest in other music genres, such as Nepali rock and film music. While the Sarangi has become the quintessential Gandharba instrument. While its counterpart, the arbajo which is a plucked lute that has fallen into obscurity.
The sarinda was introduced to the Punjab and popularized in Sikh devotional music by Sikh Guru Arjan Dev. The sarinda is played by several ethnic groups of India. They include the Bauls of Bengal, Punjabi people, the folk artists of Rajasthan, Assam and Tripura. The sarinda is also played by the Pashtu people in Afghanistan.
Citations: Bibliography: Websites: