Bandurria

Name: Bandurria.
Type: Chordophones > Composites > Lutes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Tunings: G# / C# / F# / B / E / A
Courses: 6 Courses / 12 Strings
Country: Spain.
Region: Iberian Peninsula, South America & South East Asia.

Description:  The Bandurria is a small lute with a short neck and a deeper body. It is found in Spain and in the Spanish diaspora from Central to South America and the Philippines.

History: The term ‘mandurria’ was was mentioned in the 14th century by Juan Ruiz in his Libro de buen amor [the book of good love]. In 1555 Juan Bermudo described the bandurria in his Comiença el libro llamado declaraciõ de instrumetos [The book called, Declaration of Instruments] as a three stringed instrument. He mentioned other types having four or five strings.

He wrote “the outer courses were tuned an octave apart, with a middle course either a fifth or a fourth above the lowest. Later bandurria’s with five and six courses tuned in fourths, is still being used.

This is in contrast to the cittern and mandolin even though these instruments do share relationships in construction, appearance and sound.

Citations: Bibliography: Libro de buen amor [the book of good love] circa 14th century ; Juan Bermudo described the bandurria in his Comiença el libro llamado declaraciõ de instrumetos [The book called, Declaration of Instruments] 1555 ; Websites:

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