Type: Chordophones > Bows > Braced >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 311.111
Country: Mozambique and South Africa.
Description: The dende or [tshikala] is a braced gourd-resonated musical bow of the Venda of South Africa. It resembles the Shangana / Tsonga [Shangaan[ xitende / tshitende in Mozambique and South Africa and the Zulu and Swazi umakhweyana in South Africa and Swaziland.
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