Idiophones

The idiophone category is a very broad category in the Hornbostel-Sachs Classification System. The idiophone category is the first of the five categories. An idiophone is any musical instrument that when played vibrates through the whole instrument without the use of air flow.

The idiophone family is quite broad at the first two tiers direct and indirect this division is based on the methods playing the instruments. This category includes the following tiers.

111.       Directly Struck.
111.1.   Concussion.
112.       Indirectly Struck.
112.2     Percussion.

Patalla
A 19th century Burmese watercolour depicting a musician playing a patalla ; Watercolour painting by an unknown Burmese artist depicting 19th century Burmese life ~ Text: The Patalla and CHIN-GWIN, Shelf-mark: Ms. Burm. a. 5 ;

The four main categories in the original Hornbostel-Sachs Sachs scheme of musical instrument classification. The early classification of Victor-Charles Mahillon called this group of instruments “autophones”.

The most common idiophones are categorized in two main groups the first being concussion which are made to vibrate by being struck, either directly with a stick or hand [like the wood block, singing bowl, steel tongue drum, triangle, xylophones, marimba or indirectly, such as instruments that are played by scraping using friction to create sound. And the second group being percussion. Or by scraping or shaking motion [like maracas or flexatone]. Various types of bells fall into both categories. A common plucked idiophone is the jawharp.

111 Idiophones >
111. Concussion >
> 111. Directly Struck
> 111.2 Indirectly Struck
> 111.11 Sticks
> 111.12 Clappers >
>> 111.13 Plaques >
>> 111.141 Castanets >
> 111.13 Plaques >
> 111.14 Trough > Shallow >
> 111.15 Vessel > Deep >
> 111.22 Sets of Plaques > Xylophones >
> 111.23 Tubes >
> 111.24 Vessels >
> 111.241 Gongs >
>> 111.241.1 Individual Gongs >
>> 111.241.2 Sets of Gongs >
> 111.142 Cymbals >
> 111.212 Sets of Sticks >
> 111.242 Bells >

Percussion
> 112.2 Percussion

Lamellophones
122.1 Combs > Mbira, Sanza.
122.2 Jawharps >
> Idioglot > Kubing.
> Heteroglot > Kouxian.

112 Percussion
> 112.1. Rattles >
> 112.2. Scrapers >
>> 112.22 Tubes >
>> 112.23 Vessels >
>> 112.24 Wheels >
> 112.211

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