Type: Idiophones > Percussion > Clappers >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 111.11
Region: South Asia.
Description: The term khartal generally denotes wooden clappers, with or without jingles [the jingles maybe discs of bronze, pellet bells or both]. Khartal can be defined as a pair of wooden or bamboo clappers, held two in each hand. In Sanskrit works the khartal is described as [in Sanskrit; kamrā ].
Other wooden clappers include the catkulā of Madhya Pradesh, the kāṭhi of Orissa, the rāigiḍgiḍī of Rajasthan and the ḍaṇḍā of Bihar; the c̣imṭā of South Asia and the ṭokā of Assam are analogous, sprung clappers [tongs].
In Tamil Nadu kartāḷa denotes flat, round or oblong, wooden bats, with handles held between the fingers of one hand, which are struck together; these are called cekkai [Tamil] for the oblong type or cekkalu [Telugu] for the circular type with handles found in Andhra.
Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Oxfordmuseumonline.com / Khartal article by Alastair Dick ;