Name: Adufé.
Type: Membranophones > Drums > Frame.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 211.311
Area: Iberian Peninsula.
Country: Portugal.
Region: West Europe, Latin America and North Africa.

Description: The adufé is a hand beaten frame drum of Muslim origin, it is played in Iberia, Latin America and in North Africa. In Spain and Portugal it is played primarily by women often to accompany their singing. In Portugal it is prominently used with other instruments to accompany the charamba, a circle-dance performed by couples, and various Christian processions. In Guatemala string ensembles [zarabandas] incorporate adufe that have an interior rattle or bell.

Construction: Typically, a wooden frame about 30 to 45 cm square and 6 to 9 cm deep is covered with sheep or goat skin on one or both sides. Triangular and hexagonal shapes are occasionally found nowadays. The heads are normally tacked on and the tacks covered by ribbon, or in Morocco a single skin can be stitched over the frame. Rattling elements are sometimes enclosed.

Citations: Bibliography: Websites: / Adufe article by John M. Shechter ;