Category Archives: Bows



Name: Tshihwana.
Type: Chordophones > Bows > Mouth >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 311.
Country: South Africa.
Region: Africa.

Description: The Tshihwana mouth bow is a mouth bow played by the Venda people.

Playing Techniques: To play the instrument the bow is held against the player’s mouth, the mouth itself is the resonator. The bow can be plucked with the fingers, or with a small ‘pick’ made of a thorn or a piece of wood.

Construction: It is made from a piece of wood that tapers on either end, so that there is a thicker piece of wood in the centre of the bow [Levine, 2015].

Citations: Bibliography: Levine, L., 2005. The Drumcafe’s Traditional Music of South Africa. 1st ed. Johannesburg: Jacana Media Websites: