Category Archives: Cymbals



Name: Tingsha.
Type: Idiophones > Percussion > Cymbals >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 111.142
Diameter: 6.35 cm.
Area: Tibet.
Country: China.
Region: Far East Asia.

Description: Tibetan tingsha or Ting-Sha [in Tibetan: ཏིང་ཤགས་, Wylie: ting-shags] are small cymbals used in prayer and rituals by Tibetan Buddhist practitioners. Two cymbals are joined together by a leather strap or chain.

Construction: The cymbals are struck together producing a clear and high pitched tone. Typical sizes range from 6.35 cm to 6.40 cm 2.5 inches – 4 inches in diameter. Tingsha are very thick and produce a unique long ringing tone. Antique tingsha were made from special bronze alloys that produce harmonic overtones.

Citations: Bibliography: Websites:


Name: Taal.
Type: Idiophones > Percussion > Cymbals >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 111.142
Diameter: cm.
Country: India.
Region: South Asia.

Description: [In Hindi: ताल taal or मंजिरा manjira ; in Assamese: তাল Tala ; in Bengali ; in Odia ଗିନି, Gini ; Malayalam: தாளம் Tāḷam ; in Tamil: தாளம் Tāḷam ; in Telugu: தாளம் Tāḷam ; The taal are a pair of clash cymbals. Then they are played, they produce a long delayed vibration. It is a part of Indian music and culture, used in various traditional customs e.g. Bihu music, Harinaam etc. It is a type of Ghana vadya.

Etymology: The word “taal” has its roots in Sanskrit “Tālà” whose literal meaning is “clap”.  As it does in its Dravidian cognate “tāḷam” means rhythm.

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