Type: Chordophones > Lute > Wedge
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Region: South Asia.
Description: The sarod or sarode [in Hindi: सरोद or সরোদ] is a stringed instrument used mainly in Hindustani music. Along with the sitar, it is among the most popular and prominent instruments.
Origins: From an organological perspective the sarode is a descendant of the Afghani rebab its closest 19th century relative the sursingar a similar instrument although much larger in size.
Etymology: The name sarod or sarode roughly translates to “beautiful sound” or “melody” in Persian. One of the many languages spoken in in Afghanistan.
Acoustics: The sarod is known for a deep, weighty, introspective sound, in contrast with the sweet, overtone-rich texture of the sitar. With additional sympathetic strings that give it a resonant, reverberant quality. It is a fretless instrument able to produce the continuous slides between notes known as meend [glissandi Hindi: मीण्ड़ ْ, Urdu: میند], which are important in Indian music.
Citations: Bibliography: Miner, Allyn 1993 – Sitar and Sarod in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, International Institute for Traditional Music, Berlin ; Tamori, Masakazu. The Transformation of Sarod Gharānā:Transmitting Musical Property in Hindustani Music [PDF]. Senrii Ethnological Studies 71: Music and Society in South Asia. ISBN 978-4-901906-58-6 ;