Tag Archives: Percussion



Name: Cajita.
Type: Idiophones > Percussion > Box.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 111.11
Country: Lima, Peru.
Region: South > America.
Project: By Graeme Gibson & Daniel Ouellet.

Description: The cajita [pronounced ca-hi-ta in Spanish] is a struck percussion idiophone, in the form of a wooden box having a lid attached by a hinge. This percussion instrument is unique to the area around Lima, and it is one of percussion instruments in the Afro-Peruvian music scene in and around Lima Peru. There are three sizes of this instrument, bass [bajo], medio [medium] and prima [smallest].



Name: Agogo.
Type: Idiophones > Metallophones > Bells.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 111.242
Country: Nigeria.
Region: West Africa.

Description: An agogô [in Yoruba: agogo, literal meaning bell] is a single or a multiple bell now used throughout the world but with origins in traditional Yoruba music and also in the samba baterias [percussion ensembles] in Samba festivals throughout Brazil.

The agogô may be the oldest samba instrument and was based on West African Yoruba single or double bells. The agogô has the highest pitch of any of the bateria instruments.


Quijada De Burro

Name: Quijada De Burro.
Type: Idiophones > Percussion > Scrapers.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 112.211
Specimen: 1 in collection.
Country: Cuba & Veracruz and Oaxaca, Mexico.
Region: Caribbean & Central America.
Acquisition Source: “The Market” just outside the Vancouver Folk Festival.

Description: The quijada [pronounced; qui-ada] charrasca or jawbone [in English] it is an idiophone percussion instrument made from the jawbone of a donkey, horse or mule cattle. It is used in music in most of Central America from Mexico to Peru, El Salvador, Ecuador and Cuba.

Playing Techniques: The quijada is held by the left hand of the musician while being struck by the right hand. It can also be scrapped with a scrapper against the teeth in a similar manner to the guiro.

Construction: The jawbone is cleaned of tissue and dried to make the teeth loose and act as a rattle. Usually these instruments are plain.



Name: Chekere.
Type: Idiophones > Percussion > Rattles.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 112.1
Country: Many.
Regions: West Africa.
Acquisition Date: 1998.
Acquisition Source: La Habana [Havana] Cuba.

Description: The chekere is a shaken percussion idiophone. Its roots lay in Mandingo music in West Africa although it finds its self in Cuba under the same name [chekere] and Brazil. In Brazil the instrument is called xequerê.

Playing Techniques: The rattle is held by both hands the right hand holding the instrument and the left hand grasping onto the net. The rattle produces sound when the net is struck against the surface of the gourd.

Construction: The chekere is constructed from a gourd. Rather then having the rattle filled in with beans or seed such as the maraca or hosho. The rattle is made from a net consisting of string and seed loosely wrapped around the gourd.