Tag Archives: Guitarillos


Cuatro Puertorriqueno

Name: Cuatro Puertorriqueño.
Type: Chordophones > Lute > Guitarillos > Cuatro.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.5
Tuning: B E A D G
Courses: Five Courses / 10 Strings.
Country: Puerto Rico USA.
Region: Caribbean & Central America.

Description: The Puerto Rican cuatro or Cuatro Puertorriqueño is shaped more like a viola than a guitar. It has a total of 10 strings arranged in five courses or doubled strings. The Puerto Rican cuatro the most familiar of the three instruments of the Puerto Rican orquesta jíbara [i.e., the cuatro the tiple and the bordonua].

Several sizes of the Puerto Rican cuatro exist, including a cuatro soprano, cuatro alto, cuatro traditional, the standard instrument, also called cuatro tenor and cuatro bajo [bass]: All of the Puerto Rican cuatro family have strings 5 courses or 10 doubled strings and are tuned in fourths.


Cuatro Cubano

Name: Cuatro Cubano.
Type: Chordophones > Lute > Guitarillos > Cuatro > Cubano.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.321.6
Tuning: G C E A.
Courses: Four Courses / Eight Doubled Strings.
Country: Cuba.
Region: Caribbean & Central America.

Description: The Cuban cuatro [cuatro Cubano], is similar to a Cuban tres, but with 4 courses of 8 doubled strings, instead of the usual 3 courses as encountered on Cuban Tres. It is usually tuned in a reentrant tuning such as the Nuevo Templo tuning G4 / C4 / E4 / A4. This is also the standard tuning for ukulele.

Cuatro Cubano
A D F# B