Name: Pipe & Tabor.
Type: Aerophones > Flutes > Duct.
Hornbostel-Sachs No: 421.221.12
Country: Spain, Many.
Region: Western Europe & European continent.
Description: The Pipe and tabor is a pair of instruments played by a single player. This musical instrument consists of a three-hole pipe played with one hand and a small drum played with the other. The tabor [drum] hangs on the performer’s left arm or around the neck. Leaving the hands free to beat the drum with a stick in the right hand and play the pipe with thumb and first two fingers of the left hand.
History: Mersenne mentions a virtuoso, John Price, who could rise to the twenty-second on the galoubet. Praetorius mentions and illustrates three sizes of the Stamentienpfeiff, the treble [50.8 cm / 20 inches in length], the tenor [66.04 cm / 26 inches in length] and the bass [76.2 cm / 30 inches] the last being played by means of a crook about [58.42 cm / 23 inches in length].
A specimen of the bass is held at the museum of the Brussels Conservatory, registering at the middle C for its lowest note. Three-pipes made from bone date back to the Middle Ages; such specimens have been found in England. There are images medieval tabor places in buildings. For example, York Minster, Lincoln Gloucester cathedrals and Tewksbury Abbey.
Citations: Bibliography: William Shakespeare 1598 Much Ado About Nothing. p. Act II, Scene 3 ; Praetorius, Organographia, being the second volume of his Syntagma Musici, 1618, where a figure is given in Plate IX. See Breitkopf and Hartel’s reprint of Praetorius, also Galpin’s Old English Instruments of Music, 1910 ; An Address to a Society of Morris Dancers, Oxford, February 12, 1914 by Sir Francis Darwin [Son of Sir Charles Darwin] site by Chris Brady; Anthony C. Baines, Hélène La Rue Websites: Grove Music Online / Pipe & Tabor