Guitar Tunings / Alternate

 

 

Guitar Tunings / Alternate
Names Nomenclature Pitch Tunings
Standard Renterant Emin11th E A D G B E
Semitone Renterant E [flat] min 11th Eb Ab Dd Gb Bb Ee
Tone Down Renterant  D D G C F A D
  Renterant D# D# G# C# F# A# D#
  Renterant C# C# F# B E G# C#
  Renterant C C F Bb Eb G C
Lute Renterant   E A D F# B E
Lute No. 2 Renterant   E A D F# A E
  Renterant A Sus 4/7 E A D G A E
Lazy D Renterant   E A D G B D
All Fourths Renterant   F A D G C F
Augmented 4ths Renterant C F# C F# C F#
  Dropped C6th C A D G B E
  Open C6th C E G A C E
Major Thirds Open C C E G C E G
  Dropped C C G C F A D
  Modal  C C G C G B D
   Open C Maj 7 C G C G B E
Orkney Modal G Sus 4/4 C G C G C D
  Dropped C C G D G A D
  Open G / C Add4 C G D G B D
    C Sus 2 C G D G C D
  Dropped C C G D G B E
  Open  C C G D G C E
       
  Modal D Sus 4 D A D F A D
Double D
Dropped   D A D G B D
Dropped D Dropped  D D A D G B E
Dropped D Maj 7 D A D F# A C#
Dropped D 6/9 D A D F# B E
Open D Minor D A D F A D
Vestapol Open D Major D A D F# A D
Curtis Mayfield Open F# F# A# C# F# A# F#
Tarro Patch Open G D G D G B D
Dobro Open G G B D G B D
Slide Open A E A E A C# E
Alternate Open A E A C# A C# E 
  Open A Sus 4 D A D G B E

Jhallari

Name: Jhallari.
Type: Chordophones > Lutes > Veenas.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.312.6
Country: India.
Region: South Asia.

Description: The jhallari or gethuvadyam is a string percussion instrument from South India. It is similar to the Saraswati Veena and ghotuvadyam in construction.

Playing Techniques: Jhallari strings are played with two small wooden or bamboo sticks, one on each hand, to create rhythmic patterns or a percussive development.

Construction: It consists of a large resonator [kudam] carved and hollowed out of a log usually of jackwood, a tapering neck of 1 to 2 feet in length, a string tuning box and four metal strings attached from the kudam to the tuning box.

Citations: Bibliography: Websites: The Hindu [article: Rhythm Rendezvous Jhallari] ;

Indonesia

 

Indonesian Guitar Tunings
Names Nomenclature Tunings
Stem Las Bas F Maj 13#11 F C D G B E
Kemayoran F C D G C E
Stem Pal F Bb D G C E
Stem Krembang Kacang F# A C# F# B E
Los Quinn Tallu-Tallu G Major G C D G B D
Karambagan Raised A Major G A D G B E
E Minor E B D G B E
Andu Andu Rudang A Sus 4/7 E A D G A E
Rabana E Minor E A E G A E

Citations: Discography: Liner Notes from the Music of Indonesia Series Vol. 20 Indonesian Guitars SFW40447 pp. 10-11 [adobe PDF file] ;

Africa

 

West Africa Guitar Tunings
Names Nomenclature Tunings
Taara No. 1 C Maj 6th C / A / D / G / B / E
Sinquente Cix Open G Major D / G / D / G / B / D
F / A / D / G / B / E
Taara No. 2 F / A / D / G / C / E
Jarabi F / C / D / G / C / E
Wassalou / Songhai Raised A Major G / A / D / G / B / E
Djeli Madi Tounkara C / Bb / D / G / C / F
Djeli Madi Tounkara Rentrant C# C# / F# / B / E / G# / C#

Citations: Bibliography: Mande Music by Eric Charry pp. 288-290 Guitar Tuning ~ Traditional And Modern Music of the Maninka and Mandinka of Western Africa. The University of Chicago Press ISBN 0-226-101062-2 © 2000 ;

Guitar Tunings / Central & East Africa
Names Nomenclature Tunings
Standard E Min 11 E / A / D / G / B / E
E Min7+11 E / A / D / G / B / D
Mi Composé E / A / [d] / G / B / E
Jean Bosco Mwenda F / A / D / G / C / E
Botswana F / X / A / C / F / X
Daniel Kachamba Full C
Daniel Kachamba Half C
Daniel Kachamba LG
Daniel Kachamba KG High Six
Daniel Kachamba CG
Daniel Kachamba Spanish E / C# / A / E / A / E
Zambia D Maj 7 D / A / D / F# / A / C#
Hauyani G / E / C / G / E / C
Hauyani G / E / C / G / C / C

Note: The “X” denotes removed strings. Mi Composé tuning as used for Rumba and Soukous in Congo DRC, differs from the standard tuning. In which only the D string has been replaced with the bottom E string to raise the D to an entire octave.

The “Lazy D Tuning” E A D G B D as we know it in North America; is used in the genre of Maskandi music.

The tuning mentioned in the table under Botswana comes from a youtube channel Bokete7 featuring guitarists who perform a unique way in playing guitar example Ronnie performing Ba Koba Bana Where it is tuned to an open chord tuning although it not the same F X A C F X. The X denotes a missing string and the guitar is often flipped so the strings are facing from the bottom up like the Hawaiian slide guitar. Although played with strumming and picking. The amount of strings can vary from four stringed guitars, five stringed guitars to six stringed guitars.

Citations: Bibliography: Theory of African Music Volume II by Gerhard Kubik – Chapter IX Genealogy of a Malawian Musician Family pp. 247 ISBN-13: 978-0-226-45694-2 ISBN-10: 0-225-45694-3 ; Garland Encyclopedia Book Africa [book & audio cd] ; Africa & The Blues by Gerhard Kubik ; Some Characteristics Of The Blues Page 83 ; University Press of Mississippi ; ISBN 978-1-57807-146-4 ;

South America

These are alternate guitar tunings that are used in Peruvian and other South American Guitar traditions. The open and dropped tunings are the more commonly used alternate tunings.

The same tunings under numerous different names can be found in Peru, Argentina, Africa, Asia and the South Pacific. For example D / A / D / F# / B / E the D 6/9 tuning, it is known as Rondeñas in Flamenco and used in the Amazonian region of Peru. It is also known as D Ni`ihau / Old Mauna Loa tuning in Hawaiian Slack Key Guitar.

Peruvian guitar tunings are named classified according to genre. This also manifests in a regional manner. For example the tunings used in Cajamarca are in open major chords, for example in E or A major. Where as a raised tuning such as the D Minor tuning is favoured in the Huayno repertoire.

Note: Should you attempt a tuning whose notes maybe a semitone or tone above the Huayno tuning F / A / D / G / B / E. I would recommend the lightest string gauge set available for nylon string guitars. These tunings can be used on acoustic steel string and electric guitars with appropriate gauges.

Scordatura / Guitar Tunings / South America
Names Nomenclature Region Tuning
Standard Em11th * E A D G B E
Setime Dulce E Min7+11 Peru E A D G B D
Wailija Peru E A Dd G B E
Argentina E A D G C# E
  A Maj Cajamarca, Peru E A D A C# E
Victima   E A D G C# E
Vaulin F Minor E A C# F# B E
Diablo No. 1 F# A C# F# B F#
Diablo No. 2  Cusco E A C# F# B Eb
E A D# F# B E
Diablo E A D# F# B D#
Victim F Minor E A D# F# B E
E A D G B G
Huayno D Minor Ayacucho, Peru F A D G B E
F A D G Bb E
  Argentina F A D# G B E
Huayno Peru F B D G B E
F Bb D G B E
F Bb D G C E
  E C D G B E
Peru E G D G B E
Drop C Argentina C A D G B E
Drop D D A D G B E
D 6 / 9 D A D F# B E
Open D Minor D A D F A D
Carnival Open D Major D A D F# A D
Yaravi Peru D B D G B E
Baulin / Harp Peru D B D F# B E
Open E Minor * E B E G B E
Carnival Open E Major * E B E G# B E
Diablo? E Bb E G# B E
Ancashina, Peru E G D G B E
Carnival Open G Major * D G D G B D
G6   D G D G B E
D G D G D F#
D G D G# B D#
Raised A Major Argentina G A D G B E
Comuncha Open G Major Peru G B D G B D
Comuncha Open G6 Major Peru G B D G B E
Carnival G Major Peru G Bb D G B E
Diablo Peru G Bb D G C E
C Maj 7 G C D G B E
G C D G C E

Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Pacoweb.net [archived on the wayback machine] ;

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