Manjira

Name: Taal Manjira.
Type: Idiophones > Metallophones > Cymbals.
Hornbostel Sachs No#: 111.142
Vadya: Ghanya Vadya.
Country: Rajasthan, India.
Region: South Asia.

Description: The taal [in Assamese: তাল; in Odia: ଗିନି Gini] manjira also spelled manjīrā or manjeera, jalra, or gini is a pair of clash cymbals. Which make high-pitched percussion sounds. In its simplest form, it consists of a pair of small hand cymbals. The word taal comes from the Sanskrit word Tālà, literally means a clap. It is a part of Indian music and culture, used in various traditional customs e.g. Bihu music, Harinaam etc. It is a type of Ghana vadya.

Types: The Taal Manjira, the clash cymbal, taal is made of bell metals i.e. bronze, brass, copper, zinc etc. Each cymbal is connected with a cord which passes through hole in its center. The pitch of different types of taal vary according to their size, weight and the materials used.

A player can also adjust the timbre by varying the point of contact while playing. The name manjira or khartal can also refer to a similar instrument made of a wooden frame with rows of cymbals inside.

In Hindu religious contexts it is known as karatalas [Sanskrit: करताळं, IAST: Karatāḷaṁ] pronounced “karataala”, literally beat-tala hand -kara. Typically used to accompany devotional music such as bhajan and kirtan. They are commonly used by Hare Krishna devotees when performing harinam, but are ubiquitous to all Hindu devotional music.

Construction: The clash cymbal, taal is made of bell metals i.e. bronze, brass, copper, zinc etc. Each cymbal is connected with a cord which passes through hole in its center. The pitch of different types of taal vary according to their size, weight and the materials used.

A player can also adjust the timbre by varying the point of contact while playing. Manjiras are usually made of bronze, brass, copper, or zinc. The name manjira or khartal can also refer to a similar instrument made of a wooden frame with rows of cymbals inside.

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