Materials

 

Materials
Instrument Common Names Scientific Names
Gajde Apricot Prunus armeniaca
Valiha Bamboo Valiha diffusa
Gajde, Svhi Boxwood Buxus L.
Birch Betula L.
Gajde Cornelwood Cornus mas L.
Guzheng Paulownia Paulownia elongata
Red Sandalwood Pterocarpus santalinus
* Jackfruit Tree Artocarpus heterophyllus
 * Hardwickia binata
Tong Wood Firmiana simplex
Elder Sambucus nigra
Didgeridoo Eucalyptus Eucalyptus
* Toddy Palm Borassus flabellifer L.
Guitar Western Red Cedar Thuja plicata
Hawthorn Cedar G. globosum
Guitar Fir Abies [Mill.]
Kokyu Japanese Snowbell Styrax japonicus
Teakwood Tectona grandis
Guitar Ironwood Lignum Vitae
Gajde Lilac Syringa vulgaris
Guitar Pine Pinus L.
Poplar, Black Populus Nigra
Poplar, White Populus Alba
Poplar, Canadian Populus X Canadensis
Gajde Plumwood Prunus L.
* Giant River Reed Arundo Donax
River Cane Phragmites communis
Quray [flute] Edge Pistil Pleurospermum uralense
Guitar Sitka Spruce Picea sitchensis
Guitar Oak Quercus L.
Guzheng   Paulownia
Teak Tectona grandis
Guitar Ebony Diospyros
Guitar Mahogany Toona sinensis
Toon Cedrela toona
Guitar Rosewood Dalbergia Sp.
Walnut Juglans regia
Willow Salyx alba

Jackfruit [Artocarpus heterophyllus] ~ பலாப்பழம் Palappalam in Tamil ; పనస Panasa in Telugu ; ചക്ക cakka in Malayalam ; in Kanada ಜಾಕ್ ಫ್ರೂಟ್ ; in Tagalog and Indonesian Bahasa : nangka ; used in the construction of musical instruments, notably the sitar, saraswati veena. It is also used in the manufacturing of the kutiyapi [Philippine Boat Lute].

Paulownia wood [泡桐属: in Chinese], [in Japanese: 桐 kiri]

Toon [Cedrela toona]

Red Sandalwood [Pterocarpus santalinus] ~ zitan 紫檀 in Chinese.

Rosewood [Dalbergia Sp] ~ suanzhi 酸枝 in Chinese.

Teak [Tectona grandis] The English word teak comes from Tamil tekku [தேக்கு], Telugu teku [టేకు], Malayalam thekku [തേക്ക്], Sinhala thekka [තේක්ක], Odia ଶାଗୁଆନ and Kannada tega [ತೇಗ] via the Portuguese teca. In Bangladesh and West Bengal. The species is known as segun [সেগুন]. Central Province teak and Nagpur teak are named for those regions of India.

 

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