Hornbostel Sachs System

Erich Moritz von Hornbostel and Curt Sachs, and first published in the Zeitschrift für Ethnologie [in Eng; Journal of Ethnology] in 1914. An English translation was published in the Galpin Society Journal in 1961. It is the most widely used system for classifying musical instruments by ethnomusicologists and organologists; people who study musical instruments. The system was updated in 2011 as part of the work of the Musical Instrument Museums Online [MIMO] Project. The Hornbostel-Sachs System was modelled on the Dewey Decimal System as used in libraries.

1. Idiophones
2. Aerophones
3. Chordophones
4. Membranophones
5. Electrophones
5a. Electric / Amplified
5b. Electronic
5c. Synthesizers

Hornbostel-Sachs No#:
Numbers Categories *
1 Idiophones 1
1.1 Struck 11
1.1.1 Directly struck 111
1.1.2 Indirectly struck 112
1.2 Plucked 12
1.2.1 Frame 121
1.2.2 Comb 122
1.3 Friction idiophones 13
1.3.1 Sticks 131
1.3.2 Plaques 132
1.3.3 Vessels 133
1.4 Blown Idiophones 14
1.4.1 Blown Sticks 141
1.4.2 Blown Plaques 142
1.5 Unclassified 15
2 Membranophones 2
2.1 Struck 21
2.1.1 Directly Struck 211
2.1.2 Shaken 212
2.2 Plucked 22
2.3 Friction 23
2.3.1 Friction drums / stick 231
2.3.2 Friction drums / cord 232
2.3.3 Friction drums / hand 233
2.4 Singing Membranes 24
2.4.1 Free Kazoos 241
2.4.2 Tube or Vessel-Kazoos 242
2.5 Unclassified 25
3 Chordophones 3
3.1 Simple 31
3.1.1 Bar or Stick Zithers 311
3.1.2 Tube zithers 312
3.1.3 Raft zithers 313
3.1.4 Board zithers 314
3.1.5 Trough zithers 315
3.1.6 Frame zithers 316
3.2 Composite 32
3.2.1 Lutes 321
3.2.2 Harps 322
3.2.3 Harp lutes 323
3.3 Unclassified 33
4 Aerophones 4
4.1 Free Aerophones 41
4.1.1 Displacement Free 411
4.1.2 Interruptive Free 412
4.1.3 Plosive 413
4.2 Non-free 42
4.2.1 Edge Blown / Flutes 421
4.2.2 Reeds 422
4.2.3 Trumpets 423
4.3 Unclassified 43
5 Electrophones 5

Hello and welcome to the…

error: Content is protected !!