Name: Dhadd.
Type: Hour-Glass Drum > Membranophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 211.3
Country: Punjab, India.
Region: South Asia.

Description: Dhadd [in Punjabi: ਢੱਡ also spelt as Dhad or Dhadh]. It is an hourglass-shaped traditional musical instrument native to Punjab that is mainly used by the Dhadi singers. It is also used by other folk singers of the region. Dhadd is very closely associated with and mostly used by the Dhadi singers. who sing folk, religious and warriors’ ballads and history using this along with Sarangi.

Playing Techniques: The dhadd is played by shaking and rotating quickly so that the knotted cords strike its ends. It is also occasionally played with a stick. The Udukai and the Dhadd have similar techniques of playing, but the social significance is different.

Construction: The dhadd is made of wood with thin a waist. like an hourglass. The skin on both sides is tightened with ropes that help in holding the instrument firmly together. Its design is very similar to other Indian drums: the Damru, the Udukai, and the Idakka.


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