Type: Frame Drum > Membranophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 211.311
Country: Canada, Alaska United States & Greenland.
Region: Arctic circle.
Description: The kilaut [alternate spellings: Kilaun, Qilain, Qilaun, Keylowtik, Qilaut or in Greenlandic: Qillat or Qidat] it is a single-headed frame drum played by the Yupic peoples in Nunavut, North West Territories tchauyuk or cauyuk and the neighbouring Inapiaq people in Alaska United States and in Greenland. This drum is associated with secular performances namely solo performances, long poems, dances, gatherings or satirical drum duals between two adversaries.
Construction: The basic components of the drum are formed by the by tying the membrane with sinew or chord. The sinew or chord is lashed into the grooves carved into the frame. The difference in the appearance and sound of the drum is regional. The physical characteristics determine the range of playing techniques.
For example the alaskan Yupic drums have have a narrow frame of drum is 2.5 cm in with. Allowing for a greater range of playing techniques. In Greenland the the qilat may range up to 90 cm in diameter. In eastern Greenland the stomach of a bear, shark, seal, walrus skin are used. The frames of Alaskan drums are considerably narrow in diameter 37.5 cm. are covered whale peritoneum or stomach lining or heavy plastic. In eastern Greenland the stomach of a bear, shark skin or or seal skin, stomach and or intestines.
In Hudson Bay Nunavut, Canada a larger heavier drum is played by a solo drum-dancer holds the instrument in one hand. Rotates the drum on its axis. In Central Canada, Caribou skin or sail-cloth recently plastics have been introduced. In eastern Greenland the stomach of a bear, shark, seal, walrus skin are used.
Citations: Bibliography: Stanley Sadie ~ New Grove Dictionary of Music P. 428, 429 ; R. Gessein and P. E. Victor; Le tambour chi les Ammassalimiut [in English: The drum of the Inuit] ; Websites ; native-drums.ca / Inuit drum [article] ;