Type: Plucked > Tension > Jaw-Harp > Lamellaphones > Idiophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 121.222
Country: South Western, Rajasthan, India.
Region: South Asia.
Description: The Ghoraliyau [or Ghoaliyo, ghoralio, ghodyu, ghodyum]. The ghoraliyau is played by women of Kalbelia or by young people in certain indigenous populations in South Western Rajasthan. Musicians from the Thori people sometimes attach a pellet bell resulting in a rhythmic sound when the Ghoraliyau is played. Other surrounding communities use the morsing.
Construction: It is made from a thin strip of bamboo measuring from 8 cm to 15 cm in length. Consisting of a frame and tongue both carved from the same piece. A string is attached to instrument to facilitate playing.
Citations: Bibliography: G. Dournon-Taurelle and J. Wright: Les Guimbardes du Musée de l’Homme [Paris, 1978] ; Stanley Sadie – New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments, Volume Two, book G-O Page 44 ;