Type: Bowed > Spike Fiddle > Chordophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.313.7
Region: Far East Asia.
Description: The haegeum [in Hangul: 해금 haegeum] It is also popularly known as kkangkkang-i [in Hangul: 깡깡이], kkaengkkaeng-i [in Hangul: 깽깽이], or aeng-geum [in Hangul: 앵금]. As such it is a traditional bowed vertically held stringed instrument played in Korea. The haegeum is one of the most widely played instruments in Korean music. It is used n court music as well as madagnori [commoner’s or ordinary people’s music].
History: Little recorded information exists about the exact era when the haegeum was introduced into Korea. According to several sources; references to the haegeum can be found in the hanlimbyeolgok [the unrhymed verse and songs of the royal scholars] made in the Goryeo dynasty, so it can be inferred that the haegeum has been played at least since then.
The sohaegeum [소해금] is a modernized fiddle with four strings, used only in North Korea and in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in China.
Citations: Stanley Sadie ~ New Grove Dictionary of Music ; Websites: Article in Korean as translated by Google translate