Chiwang

Name: Chiwang.
Type: Spike Lutes > Bowed > Chordophone.
Hornbostel Sachs No#: 321.313.4
Country: Bhutan.
Region: South Asia.

Description: The chiwang [in Dzongkha : སྤྱི་དབང་; Wylie: spyi-dbang]. It is a type of spike-fiddle played in Bhutan. The chiwang, the lingm [flute] and the dramyen [lute] comprise the basic instrumental inventory for traditional Bhutanese folk music.

Although the chiwang is considered typically Bhutanese, it is a variety of the piwang a Tibetan two-stringed fiddle. It is heavily associated with boedra, one of two dominant genres of Bhutanese folk music, in which it symbolizes a horse.

Citations: Kinga, Sonam 2003. “The Attributes and Values of Folk and Popular Songs” [PDF]. Journal of Bhutan Studies. 3 [1]: 132–170. Retrieved 2011-10-30. Dorji, C. T 1994. History of Bhutan Based on Buddhism – Sangay Xam; Prominent Publishers. p. 15. ISBN 81-86239-01-4. Retrieved 2011-10-30. Clements, William M. 2006. The Greenwood Encyclopedia of World Folklore and Folklife: Southeast Asia and India, Central and East Asia, Middle East. 2. Greenwood Press. pp. 106–110. ISBN 0-313-32849-8. Retrieved 2011-10-16.

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