Type: Box > Lyre > Chordophone.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.22
Country: Hokkaido Japan & Sakhalin Islands Russian Federation.
Region: Far East Asia.
Description: The tonkori [in Hiragana: トンコリ tonkori] is a plucked string instrument played by the Ainu people of Hokkaidō, northern Japan and Sakhalin. It generally has five strings, which are not stopped or fretted but simply played “open”.
The instrument is believed to have been developed in Sakhalin. By the 1970s the instrument was practically extinct, but is experiencing a revival along with the increased interest in Ainu heritage.