Type: Plucked Yoke Lyre > Chordophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 312.2
Tuning: B / A / G# / E / E / D# / B / A
Description: The nyatiti is a five to eight stringed plucked lyre from Kenya. It is played by the Luo people of Western Kenya, specifically in the Siaya region south of Kisumu. The nyatiti is usually played alone. In the past, some players have been accompanied by a number of male back-up singers or chorus.
Though not common, the nyatiti can be accompanied by any number of traditional instruments, including a curved horn called the oporo or tung’, a single-string violin-like instrument called the orutu and percussion. Modern day players will often integrate the instrument in with Western-style guitar, bass, keyboards and drums.
Tuning: The outside strings are the same note at the same pitch, and the middle two are an octave apart. The traditional tuning for the nyatiti is B / A / G# / E / E / D# / B / A. Many modern players use individual tunings to match their particular musical style. The most common playing style uses the thumb and middle finger of both hands, alternating between the two to create a rhythmic and circular musical pattern.
Playing Techniques: Traditionally, players wear a headdress called Kondo, which is fashioned out of goat fur. Dancers sometimes accompany the nyatiti player and wear brightly coloured skirts called Owalo. Younger players often forego the traditional dress, opting for clothes typical of present-day performances.
If the performer sits on a short, shin level chair called the orindi. He or she wears a wrought iron ring called the oduong’o around the big toe of the right foot and the gara, a set of metal bells also on the right leg. With the gara and the oduong’o, the player maintains a constant beat, banging the iron ring on the bottom bar of the nyatiti.
Construction: It is about two to three feet long with a bowl-shaped, carved wood resonator covered in cow skin. Historically, strings were fashioned from cattle tendons, but modern players almost exclusively use nylon and plastic fishing line of various sizes, a move which changed the sound of the nyatiti drastically.
Citations: Eaagleson, Ian M. 2012 – From Thum to Benga International: Continuity and Change in the Music of the Luo of Kenya, 1950-2010 ;