Type: Lute > Chordophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Country: Many > Spain > Cuba.
Region: Iberian Peninsula & Western Europe.
Description: The Laúd [in Spanish: “lute”] is a plucked lute, that is played with a plectrum or pick. It is a chordophone from Spain, played also in diaspora countries such as Cuba and the Philippines. Belonging to the cittern family of instruments.
Varieties: The Spanish and Cuban instruments have six double courses in unison [twelve strings in pairs]. The Philippine instrument has 14 strings with some courses singled or tripled. A similar, but smaller instrument, with a shorter neck, is the bandurria, which also exists in 12 and 14-string versions.
|Spain||G# C# F# B E A|
|Cuba||C# F# B E A D|
|Cuba||D F# B E A D|
|Philippines||F# B E A D G|