Type: Swan Harp > Chordophone.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 322.11
Country: Far East Siberia, Russian Federation.
Region: Eurasia & Far East Asia.
Description: The khutang [literally “swan”, also called Ostyak harp, kiotang, sotang, shotang] is a type of harp played by the Khanty and Mansi people of Siberia. The khutang and the nares-jux lyre comprise the only two indigenous string instruments of Northern Siberia. The khutang is bow-shaped and often mounted with a carven animal head, often a swan.
It is generally described as having between nine and thirteen strings. The Mansi also referred to the instrument as taryghsyp yiv [“wooden crane-neck”]. A similar, swan-shaped, but only two-stringed, harp is played by the Narym Selkup people of Siberia, and may have been based on the Ostyak harp.
Citations: References – Folk harp journal. 1 January 1981. Retrieved 18 May 2012. Sibyl Marcuse April 1975. A survey of musical instruments. Harper & Row. p. 403. ISBN 978-0-06-012776-3. Marjorie Mandelstam Balzer, 1 November 1999. The Tenacity of Ethnicity: A Siberian Saga in Global Perspective. Princeton University Press. pp. 192–. ISBN 978-0-691-00673-4. Retrieved 18 May 2012. Robert Auty; Arthur Thomas Hatto, 31 December 1980. Traditions of Heroic and Epic Poetry: The traditions. Modern Humanities Research Association. ISBN 978-0-900547-72-0. Retrieved 18 May 2012 ; of instrument unknown elsewhere in Western Siberia ; one was a five-stringed lyre with a body shaped like a fish, and the other a swan-necked harp with nine or thirteen strings. Mare Kõiva; Kai Vassiljeva; Eesti Keele Instituut ; Fr. R. Kreutzwaldi nimeline Kirjandusmuuseum 1995 ; Folk belief today. Estonian Academy of Sciences – Institute of the Estonian Language & Estonian Museum of Literature. p. 452 – ISBN 978-9985-851-11-1. Retrieved 18 May 2012 ; Péter Hajdú 1975. Finno-Ugrian languages and peoples. Deutsch. p. 234. ISBN 978-0-233-96552-9 Retrieved 17 May 2012.