Name: Khim.
Type: Dulcimer > Chordophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#:
Country: Kampuchea.
Region: South East Asia.

Description: The khim [in Thai: ขิม, pronounced [kʰǐm]; in Khmer: ឃឹម Khum]. It is an instrument that was introduced originally from Persia [Santur] via the Chinese yangqin during the Ming-Qing dynasty [1368-1911]. It was popular in the northeast of Kwang Tung territory. At the end of Ayutthaya period, Thai people obtained the khim culture from China.

This instrument came with Chinese junk; which Chinese people came to have a trading deal with Thai people. While the popularity of Chinese opera was rising, this instrument also came with the opera group and this made Thai people getting to know the khim even more.

Around 1970-2004, khim was a popular music instrument during this period because khim was a part in the Thai novel called Khu Kam, which was produced as a drama series and movie. The main character could play the khim very well especially in the song called Nang Kruan.

Playing Techniques: It is played with two flexible bamboo sticks with soft leather at the tips to produce a soft tone. This instrument can be played by either sitting down on the floor with the khim on the floor, or by sitting on a chair or standing while the khim is on a stand. The khim produces a bright and expressive sound when played. It is made of wood, with brass strings that are laid across the instrument.


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