Type: Single Reed > Aerophone.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.211.2
Specimens: 3 in collection.
Region: Middle East & Mediterranean.
Description: The midjweh is an ancient folk clarinet found in the Nile region of Egypt. It has several analogue instruments that are found through out the Mediterranean Near East and as far away as western China. The midjweh has two identical pipes bound together and parallel sound holes.
The midjweh is considered to be one of the oldest instruments of the Nile region. It is one of the reed-pipes referred to in the Bible, and depictions of the midjweh are found on the walls of the Egyptian funeral chambers. The midjweh is also known by a number of names including midjwiz and midjwiz. Many people confuse this instrument with the arghul that is a related instrument with only one melody pipe and a drone.
Playing Technique: The pipes are played in unison by placing the fingers across both pipes. Both reeds are totally enclosed in the mouth, and circular breathing is employed to create a continuous flow of air.
Circular breathing is awkward on this instrument though, due to the depth that the reeds extend into the mouth, and this has resulted in related instruments, such as the pungi or bagpipes, having wind chambers. The reeds are made by a slight cut into a small section of cane with a closed nodal point.
Citations: Randy Raine-Reusch [Midjweh Article] @ asza.com.