Type: Double Reed > Shawms > Aerophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.112
Regions: Balkans & South East Europe.
Description: The sopile [or roženice, as it is called in Istria] is an ancient traditional woodwind instrument of Croatia, similar to the shawm or oboe. It is used in the regions of Kvarner, Kastav, Vinodol, Island Krk, and Istria. Sopile are always played in pairs so there are great and small or thin and fat sopila.
Sopile are musical instrument of sound very interesting possibilities and very piercing special sound. This is replicated in more modern examples of Kvarner music through use of modified double reed clarinet or soprano Dulzaina. Sopile are, by “mih” and “šurle,” today very popular in folk tradition of Istria, Kvarner and Island Krk.
The sopila is a wooden horn originating from Istria and some of the northern islands along the Adriatic Coast of Croatia. Like oboes, sopilas have double reeds, but are always played in pairs; one larger than the other. Both have six finger holes, being equally spaced on the smaller one, and set in groups of three on the larger one. Often used to accompany dancing, the voice of the sopila is that of the Istrian scale.
Roženice are ancient traditional musical instruments which continue to be used today in the region of Istria. Roženice are very similar to sopile from Island Krk. Roženice are always played in pairs so there are great and small or thin and fat rozenica. Roženice have a very piercing special sound, and have the possibility of producing a variety of sounds. Roženice are, by “mih” and “šurle”, today very popular in folk tradition of Istra.