Type: Double Reed > Shawms > Aerophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.112
Region: Iberian Peninsula & Western Europe.
Description: The dulzaina [in Spanish: in IPA: dulˈθajna or dolçaina or in Catalan pronunciation: dolˈsajna / dulˈsajnə] is a Spanish double reed instrument in the oboe family. It has a conical shape and is the equivalent of the Breton bombarde. Often replaced by an oboe or double reeded clarinet, as seen in Armenian and Ukrainian folk music.
Varieties: Many varieties of the dulzaina exist in Spain. In the Valencian Community it is known as a dolçaina or xirimita and is accompanied by a drum called the tabalet. The Catalan variety of the dulzaina is called a gralla, and the Basque variety is called a bolin-gozo. The term dolçaina was introduced into Catalan in the 14th century from France [the ancient word was “douçaine”].
Citations: Xavier Richart [Dolcaina article] scribd.com ;