Name: Dulzaina.
Type: Double Reed > Shawms > Aerophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.112
Country: Spain.
Region: Iberian Peninsula & Western Europe.

Description: The dulzaina [in Spanish: in IPA: dulˈθajna or dolçaina or in Catalan pronunciation: dolˈsajna / dulˈsajnə] is a Spanish double reed instrument in the oboe family. It has a conical shape and is the equivalent of the Breton bombarde. Often replaced by an oboe or double reeded clarinet, as seen in Armenian and Ukrainian folk music.


Varieties: Many varieties of the dulzaina exist in Spain. In the Valencian Community it is known as a dolçaina or xirimita and is accompanied by a drum called the tabalet. The Catalan variety of the dulzaina is called a gralla, and the Basque variety is called a bolin-gozo. The term dolçaina was introduced into Catalan in the 14th century from France [the ancient word was “douçaine”].

Citations: Xavier Richart [Dolcaina article] scribd.com ;

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