Type: Bagpipe > Aerophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.112
Region: Eastern Europe & Eurasia.
Description: The volynka [in Ukrainian: волинка, Russian: волынка, Crimean Tatar: tulup zurna] is a bagpipe. Its etymology comes from the region Volyn, Ukraine, where it was borrowed from Romania.
Construction: The volynka is constructed around a goat skin air reservoir into which air is blown through a pipe with a valve to stop air escaping. Modern concert instruments often have a reservoir made from a bladder. A number of playing pipes [two to four] extend from the reservoir holding the air.
The main playing pipe on which the melody is played has five to seven, sometimes eight finger holes. The other pipes produce a drone. This is usually either a single tonic note or a perfect fifth. Each of these playing pipes has a double reed usually made from a goose quill. In the 20th century this instrument has lost the popularity it had previously, and is rarely used today in an authentic context.
Citations: Humeniuk, A. Ukrainski narodni muzychni instrumenty – Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1967 ; Mizynec, V. Ukrainian Folk Instruments – Melbourne: Bayda books 1984 ; Cherkasky, L. Ukrainski narodni muzychni instrumenty // Tekhnika, Kiev, Ukraine 2003 – 262 pages. ISBN 966-575-111-5