Type: Transverse > Flutes > Aerophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.121.12
Region: Far East Asia.
Description: The kagurabue [神楽笛] or yamatobue [和笛] is a six or seven-hole transverse flute used to support Japanese kagura performance. Kagura flute is a pure Japanese instrument together with Wako [Wakon] in ancient times, it is used only in Suite of Kagura Song [Kagura Uta] in Gagaku.
Although the flute naming the name Kagura flute exists in various forms throughout the country, the Kagura flute to be used in Gagaku is distinctive and is different from the one used in rural festival music and the like.
Characteristics: The range is two octaves, but it is twice lower than the dragon whistle. In addition, even with the same fingering fingers, it is possible to make a sound different by one octave due to the difference in breath. The lower range is called “sum” [fukura] and the upper range is called “responsibility” [semi].
Construction: The total length is about 45 cm, the inside diameter is about 1, 8 cm, there are 6 finger holes.
Citations: Bibliography ; Malm, William P 1959 ; Japanese music and musical instruments [1st ed.]. p54. C.E. Tuttle Co, Tokyo ; Rutland ; Dr. David Petersen, March 2007 [google books] ; An Invitation to Kagura: Hidden Gem of the Traditional Japanese Performing Arts pp. 271 pp. Utamai.com [Kagurabue article] originally in Japanese translated by google translate.