Type: Fipple Duct Flute > Aerophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.211.12
Region: Balkans & South East Europe.
Description: The Bulgarian dvoyanka is a double flute made of a single piece of wood, with six sound holes on one side. It is most frequently made of ash-wood, plum tree, pear tree, cornel or boxwood. The tune is played on the right pipe, while the left pipe provides a drone as accompaniment.
The instrument is similar to the dvojnice; an instrument typical for the regions of Central and Western Serbia and Serbian regions across the river Drina and in neighbouring Croatia. The dvoyanka is made and played somewhat differently.
Usage: The dvoyanka has traditionally been an instrument favoured by shepherds. Line-dances and lively melodies are a large component of the repertoire as played on this double pipe flute.
Construction: The dvoyanka is a double pipe which has the shape of a rectangular prism or which is more rarely is composed form two parallel cylindrical tubes. It has a length from 30 to 40 cm.