Type: Membranophones > Drums > Barrel.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 211.221.1
Region: Far East Asia.
Description: The Keiroko is a double-sided barrel drum from Japan that was originally imported from China in the 8th century for use in Gagaku [court music]. It measures about 18 cm x 18 cm. Currently the instrument has survived as a performers prop in the court dance ikkyoku.
Playing Techniques: The Keiroko has two tacked heads and it has always been paired with furitsuzumi was held in the left hand and the keiroko suspended from the same hand or from the neck and struck with a stick held in the right hand.
Citations: Bibliography: Encyclopedia of Music, Tokyo 1981, David W. Hughes ; Stanley Sadie ~ New Grove Dictionary of Music, Book G to O, page 370; Websites: