Type: Membranophones > Drums > Barrel.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 211.221.1
Region: South America.
Description: The atabaque [atabaque: ɑːtəˈbɑːkiː ; Brazilian Portuguese: ataˈbaki] is a tall, wooden, Afro-Brazilian drum.
Construction: The shell of the drum is made traditionally of Jacaranda wood from Brazil. The head is traditionally made from calfskin. A system of ropes are intertwined around the body, connect a metal ring near the base and to the head. This tuning mechanism the drum is sometimes known as ‘Atabaque de Corda’. Wooden wedges are jammed between this ring and the body and a hammer is used to tighten or loosen the ropes, raising or lowering the pitch of the drum.
Citations: Bibliography: Taylor, G. Capoeira: The Jogo de Angola from Luanda to Cyberspace 2005 ; Almeida, B. Capoeira: A Brazilian Art Form: History, Philosophy and Practice 1993 ;