Name: Kagul.
Type: Idiophones > Percussion > Slit Drum.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#:
Country: Philippines.
Region: South East Asia.

Description: The kagul is a bamboo slit drum and also functions as a scraper. This instrument is played by the Maguindanaon and Visayans. The kagul is played two beaters, one scraping the outer edge.

Playing Techniques: The rhythms were usually simplistic in nature, consisting of one rhythmic pattern sometimes combined with another. Use of the kagul in the former way is no longer practiced.

Usage: The Maguindanaon and the Banuwaen use it in the rice paddies to guard against voracious birds, using the sound it produces to scare them away. The Maguindanaon and the Bukidnon also used to use it for simple dance rhythms during social occasions.

Citations: Bibliography: Stanley Sadie – New Grove Dictionary of Music : Websites: de Jager, Fekke 2006 ; “Tagutok” Music instruments from the Philippines, Retrieved 2006-06-12 Brandeis, Hans 2006 ; “Musical Instruments for Social Use” – Music and Dance of the Bukidnon-s of Mindanao: A Short Introduction. Retrieved 7 July 2006. Mercurio, Philip Dominguez 2006 – “Traditional Music of the Southern Philippines” ; PnoyAndTheCity: A center for Kulintang – A home for Pasikings. Retrieved 25 February 2006 ;

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